Mindfulness is the act of intentionally bringing attention to the internal and external experiences occurring in the present moment.
It is a skill, and it takes time to learn. Our minds have a tendency to wander and we are constantly worrying about the future or ruminating about the past.
Studies have indicated that the idea of mindfulness is strongly correlated with well-being. Studies have also shown that mindfulness-based interventions are effective in the reduction of both rumination and worry.
Mindfulness was adopted into Western psychology from Buddhist tradition. In Buddhism, mindful meditation is considered an essential step on the path to enlightenment. In psychology, mindfulness is a valuable tool for reducing the negative thought patterns that give rise to anxiety, depression, obsessive-compulsive disorder, chronic stress and many other psychological disorders.
Through practice and guidance, we can learn to focus our awareness on the present, taking calm notice of our physical and emotional sensations, thoughts and experience. All other thoughts and memories are acknowledged, accepted, and let go.